Why Condos Need to Ensure Accessibility Parking is Available for Owners

Recently, in Rahman v. Peel Standard Condominium Corporation No. 779, 2021 ONCAT 13, the Condominium Authority Tribunal (“CAT”) confirmed that an owner was entitled to park his vehicle in the one of three outdoor designated accessible parking spaces, despite a sign depicting the area as “Visitor Parking Only”. Furthermore, the Condominium Authority Tribunal confirmed that a condominium corporation cannot recover legal costs from owners on the basis of indemnification clauses in their Declaration by simply asserting such costs. 

In this case, the owner owned two designated parking spaces. However, the owner did not use such spaces as a disability impeded his ability to access his condominium unit from the parking spaces. Consequently, the owner frequently parked his vehicle in an outdoor parking space, reserved for accessible parking, that coincidentally happened to be located in the same area as the visitor parking area. While the space in which the owner parked in was marked with the universal accessible parking symbol, the sidewalk behind such space had a sign with arrows pointing in both directions that read, “Visitor Parking Only”. As a result, the condominium corporation held the position that the accessible parking space was for visitor parking only. 

The CAT disagreed. The condominium corporation’s Declaration stated that handicap parking was for both owners or visitors who required it. The indoor parking reserved for owners did not contain any accessible parking. As such, the only accessible parking available to owners was the parking located in the visitors parking lot. Contrary to the condominium corporation’s stance, the owner was in compliance with the Declaration. 

The condominium corporation claimed that it had incurred costs in enforcing compliance with the Declaration and it sought to recover those costs against the owner pursuant to the indemnification clauses in the Declaration. Most notably, the CAT noted that the condominium corporation cannot claim these costs because the owner did not breach the parking provisions of the Declaration. Furthermore, the condominium corporation breached section 134(5) by including its legal costs in the lien against the owner without a court order.  

Based on the foregoing, there are three main takeaways for condominium corporations from this case: 

i)               condominium corporations should carefully consider whether they have provided sufficient accessible parking spaces to owners and visitors, and to carefully delineate the difference between accessible parking spaces and visitor parking;

ii)              condominium corporations need to keep a careful accounting of the legal costs it seeks to recover from owners and should strive to provide owners with the breakdown of the costs it seeks. Condominium corporations cannot simply impose any costs it wishes against a unitholder by merely labelling them as “common expenses”; and 

iii)            lastly, condominium corporations cannot include legal costs in liens against an owner without a court order. 

Comments (2)


This happened to me. I have twins and was yelled at for parking in visitors to get kids out from each side of the car (due to a wall). They refused to allow me to park there for 2 hours until my spouse could move the car. I should have taken it to court.

John A. Tate

We have lived on the fifth floor of our 14 story condominium for five years. Unfortunately, after several hip replacement problems, I have ability issues. My spouse also has some restrictions having head both knees replaced in the last 5 years. All of the condominium units are provided with at least one parking stall. There are no deeded stalls. When we purchased a unit, The store we received adequate for our needs. That is no longer the case. We could benefit immensely from a more convenient location. However, there are no designated handicap parking stalls.

We noticed one particular store next door to the entrance door that was rarely if ever occupied. Upon inquiry we were told that the owner assigned to that stall was leasing the condo to a person who rarely used it because she travelled considerably. We enquired if we might switch stalls with her. She was not agreeable_

My question is, does the condominium corporation have a legal obligation to provide designated handicap parking stalls for their owners?

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